Infographics are everywhere in our daily life: Instruction manuals of the electrical appliances, maps, encyclopedias, etc. How about in our classrooms? How can we use them in our learning?
We all agree that graphics help our understanding on certain information dramatically. Information graphics (Infographics) are graphic visual representations of information, data or knowledge. They present complex information easily and clearly. Infographics are positioned between text reports and images such as photographs and illustrations. They have the contents of the text reports and visual messages of images.
Infographics can be classified into six categories.
Chart is a sheet of information in the form of a table, graph, or diagram.
Map is a diagram of an area showing physical features, cities, roads, etc. It is a diagram or collection of data showing the way in which something is arranged or spread over an area.
Diagram is a simplified drawing showing the appearance or structure of something.
Graph is a diagram showing the relation between variable quantities, typically of two variables measured along a pair of lines at right angles.
Pictogram is a picture representing a word or phrase.
Table is a set of facts or figures displayed in rows or columns.
To create an infographic, you need to consider the importance of communication. The infographic is a communication tool, not just reports information or data, which present information easily and clearly to a wide and varied audience. You need to consider the concept and data, and need to make it attractive, clear, simple, flow, and wordless. As like the verbal communication, the infographic need to design from the viewpoint of the audience.